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Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing

Why?

Why you would paraphrase:

  • You want to use your own words to restate the author's original thought and meaning
  • You want to use your own words, but also include a sequence of words or a brief quote from the original

Example:

Original- Fake news is certainly not a new phenomenon. It was existing ever since the invention of the printing press in the 15th century, be it for propaganda or other profit but making money from fake news was not possible.

Paraphrase in a paper- Fake news has been around since the era of printing presses, but it was not until the era of the Internet that publishing fake news and gaining an audience could be monetized.


APA

In-text citation:

Format for an article-

(Author, year)

Example-

Fake news has been around since the era of printing presses, but it was not until the era of the Internet that publishing fake

news and gaining an audience could be monetized (Khan, 2018).

Full citation (in References page):

Format for an article-

Author(s). (Year). Title of article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page numbers. doi number or journal home page 

Example-

Khan, A. A. (2018). Analysing the discourses of 'fake news' in televised debates. Research Journal of Humanities and Social

Sciences, 9(1). Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com.db03.linccweb.org/apps/doc/A544763141/OVIC?

u=lincclin_bwcc&sid=OVIC&xid=aa2ec6a0


MLA

In-text citation:

Format for an article-

(Author page number)

Example-

Fake news has been around since the era of printing presses, but it was not until the era of the Internet that publishing fake

news and gaining an audience could be monetized (Khan 40).

Full citation (in Works Cited page):

Format for an article-

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, year, pages.

Example-

Khan, Aquil Ahmad. (2018). "Analysing the Discourses of 'Fake News' in Televised Debates." Research Journal of Humanities

and Social Sciences, vol. 9, no. 1, 2018, pp. 40-48.