Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

ENC 1101 - Prof. Santivasci: Start Here

Guide to Conducting Research


This guide is designed to help you successfully locate, evaluate and cite information to complete your research assignment.

Where Do I Start?

Click on the links below to find books on locating and organizing research information.


The Research Process


The research process involves selecting a topic, developing a search strategy, locating information, evaluating information and citing sources. The flow chart below outlines the steps to complete a research assignment. 

the research process


Useful Terms

Citation: A concise description of a source, also called a reference, which allows other researchers to find the source

MLA style: The documentation format recommended by the Modern Language Association of America 

Record: A descriptive summary of a source, such as entries found in an online catalog or database

Source: An object in any format containing information; any evidence a researcher uses to support an argument

Subject Headings: Standardized words or phrases used to describe the content of a source


George, Mary. The Elements of Library Research: What Every Student Needs to Know. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. Print.