Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

ENC 1101 & SPC 1608 Prof. Geerling & Prof. Beniste

Believe it or Not!: a Learning Community focused on the Truth and Lies told publicly

In-Text Citations

  • Use in-text citations for direct quotes & paraphrasing.
  • All in-text citations must have a Works Cited entry.
  • (Jones 47) is an example of a parenthetical citation and comes at the end of a sentence, before the period.
  • Jones writes, "Goats are playful animals" (47). is an example of citing the author's name in the attribute section of the sentence.
  • In her 2004 work Eats, Shoots, and Leaves, Lynne Truss explains, ". . . " is an example of introducing a source the first time you cite it in the paper.
  • Citations with less than 4 authors, spell out all authors names in the citation (Stuart, Jones, and Smith 101).
  • Citations with 4 or more authors, spell out the first authors name followed by et al. and the page number (Henry et al. 98).
  • If the source does not have page numbers, leave them out of the citation (Elliot).
  • If the source has numbered sections or paragraphs, use:
    • (Elliot, par. 4) or
    • (Elliot, pars. 7-9)
    • (Elliot, sec. 5) or
    • (Elliot, secs. 6-8)

Extra Help

Contact Us:

Profile Photo
Judi Tidwell (Broward College)
Contact:
17-114

954-201-6489

MLA Citation Style 9th edition

MLA In-Text 9th edition

In-Text Citations

Quoting and Paraphrasing

Summarizing, Paraphrasing and Quotations