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Integrating Library Resources in D2L Courses

Course Citations


APA Citation (7th Edition)

Image from a Google search:

Author. (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of work]. Source. https://webaddress


McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic.

[Source: APA Style Guide]

MLA Citation (9th Edition)

Provide the name of the artist/ creator of the image, the title of the image in italics, the date of composition, and the location of the image (physical) OR the name of the website containing the image and the URL (online) OR the publication information including the page number (print book). 

Artist or username. "Title." Year. Publisher of website, URL.


A Painting Viewed Online:

Bearden, Romare. The Train. 1975. MOMA,

A Photograph Viewed in Person

Cameron, Julia Margaret. Alfred, Lord Tennyson. 1866, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

An Untitled Image from a Print Magazine

Karasik, Paul. Cartoon. The New Yorker, 14 Apr. 2008, p. 49.


[Source: MLA Style Guide

Open Pictures with Creative Commons Licenses


This is an ideal attribution


Title? "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco"
Author? "tvol" - linked to his profile page
Source? "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" - linked to original Flickr page
License? "CC BY 2.0" - linked to license deed

This is a pretty good attribution

Photo by tvol / CC BY


Title? Title is not noted (it should be) but at least the source is linked.Author? "tvol"Source? "Photo" - linked to original Flickr pageLicense? "CC BY" - linked to license deed

[Source: Creative Commons Wiki]


YouTube Videos

APA Citation 

In APA citation style, YouTube videos should be cited as a web document:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title. [Video]. YouTube. http://Web address


University of Oxford. (2018, December 6). How do geckos walk on water? [Video]. YouTube. 

[Source: APA Style Guide]

MLA Citation

The MLA does not specifically address how to cite a YouTube video. This has, it appears, led to some confusion as to the best method of for citing YouTube videos in MLA. 

Based on MLA standards for other media formats, we feel that the following format is the most acceptable for citing YouTube videos:

“Title of Video.” Name of Website’s Publisher, uploaded by Author's Name or Poster's Username, 
date of posting. URL. 


Video - YouTube/Vimeo (p. 338)

"Air Canada: We're in the Business of You." YouTube, uploaded by Air Canada, 8 Apr. 2019, 

Video - App (Netflix, Hulu, Xfinity) (p. 329)

E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Universal Studios, 1982. Netflix app.

Video - TED Talk (p. 335)

Allende, Isabel. "Tales of Passion." TED, Mar. 2007, 

[Source: Broward College MLA Style Guide]

Creative Commons Attribution

Look for Creative Commons licenses in the About -> Show More Section of the video. Attribution for Creative Commons videos consists of the title, author, license and sources linking back to the video:

"Title" by Author is licensed under CC BY 


"BC Online Library Orientation" by BCOnlineLibrary is licensed under CC BY 4.0

*Links back to the actual video, the author/ uploader's profile page & the Creative Commons license page

[Source: Creative Commons Wiki]


APA Citation

Basic Format for a Website:

Author, A. (date). Title of work. Site Name. http://URL


Avramova, N. (2019, January 3). The secret to a long, happy, healthy life? Think age-positive. CNN.

[Source: APA Style Guide]

MLA Citation

Citing an Entire Web Site

Remember to use n.p. if no publisher name is available and n.d. if no publishing date is given.

Author. "Website Name." Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL.


Parker-Pope, Tara. "How to Age Well." The New York Times, 2 Nov. 2017, 

[Source: Broward College MLA Style Guide

Open Textbooks With Creativ Common Licenses

Open Textbooks with Creative Commons Licenses

"Title" by Author is licensed under CC BY 


*Links back to the actual video, the author/ uploader's profile page & the Creative Commons license page

Attribution Builder

The application linked below is:

  • to help you easily cite open material you find; as you fill out the form the application will automatically generate the attribution for you.
  • to cite only openly distributed work, such as work licensed by Creative Commons or released in the public domain.
  • to provide a default attribution statement. You’re welcome to modify the citation to make it more suitable to your needs.