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A guide on how to use library resources through the research process for Broward College students.

Evaluating Web Sources

The CRAAP Test

Before you rely on your Internet source, ask some simple but crucial questions about it. 


If it's important to have current, up-to-date information about your topic, then ask:

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Are links on the page dead? 


Not all information about your topic is going to meet your needs. To find out, ask: 

  • How does the information relate to your topic?
  • Does the information answer your question? 


Knowing who wrote and published the information will tell you whether it's credible or unbiased. 

  • What makes the author a credible source on this specific subject?
  • What does the domain name/URL reveal about the source?
    • .com and .net: can be used for commercial sites or purchased by anyone
    • .edu: used by universities and other educational organizations
    • .org: typically used by non-profit entities
    • .gov: used by departments, agencies or offices of the U.S. federal government


Because you're likely not an expert on the subject you are researching, it's important that claims being made in your sources are as accurate as possible. 

  • Is this information very different from other information you've read about this topic?
  • Are there references to original sources?


Information can be presented to inform, persuade, entertain, or sell something to you. 

  • Does the author or page clearly state its purpose, biases, or agenda?  

Source: Adapted from Northeastern Illinois University and California State University, Chico

The Media Bias Chart