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Homework

Provides print and electronic resources on the topic of homework.

About Homework

A mother helps her daughter with homework in Kunming.

In elementary and secondary schools throughout the United States, homework refers to assigned classwork that students are expected to complete on their own time, outside of school hours, in order to fulfill course requirements. Homework is generally intended to expand upon concepts and develop skills taught during class sessions. In addition to solidifying classroom learning, homework is valued by parents and teachers for its role in building students’ time management and organizational skills.

While decades of research have consistently shown a positive relationship between time spent on homework and student achievement, educators continue to explore the extent to which other facets of homework may impact students’ academic achievement or other aspects of their lives negatively. Factors such as the amount and type of homework assigned have been shown to have varying academic outcomes, while students who receive excessive homework loads, particularly those in high-pressure environments, may experience reduced learning or engagement, physical and mental health complications, and sleep deprivation. (Opposing Viewpoints)

Narrow the Topic

  • Is homework beneficial?
  • At what age should homework be assigned?
  • How much time should be devoted to homework?
  • Should parents help with homework?
  • Should the amount of homework vary when a child has a learning disability?
  • When it comes to assigning homework, a rule of thumb is to use the ten-minute rule--what is it and how effective is it? 
  • Increasingly, more educational resources are available online. What is the impact for low-income students or students in rural areas with limited access to the Internet?
  • In relation to homework, compare the methods of "rote learning" to "meaningful learning"-- what are the pros and cons?