In elementary and secondary schools throughout the United States, homework refers to assigned classwork that students are expected to complete on their own time, outside of school hours, in order to fulfill course requirements. Homework is generally intended to expand upon concepts and develop skills taught during class sessions. In addition to solidifying classroom learning, homework is valued by parents and teachers for its role in building students’ time management and organizational skills.
While decades of research have consistently shown a positive relationship between time spent on homework and student achievement, educators continue to explore the extent to which other facets of homework may impact students’ academic achievement or other aspects of their lives negatively. Factors such as the amount and type of homework assigned have been shown to have varying academic outcomes, while students who receive excessive homework loads, particularly those in high-pressure environments, may experience reduced learning or engagement, physical and mental health complications, and sleep deprivation. (Opposing Viewpoints)