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Birth control, also referred to as contraception, encompasses a variety of techniques, devices, and pharmaceuticals designed to intentionally prevent pregnancy before, during, or after sexual intercourse. These barriers stop the release of a female egg from the ovary, block a male sperm from fertilizing an egg, sterilize an egg or sperm so that it cannot reproduce, or inhibit a fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus. The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Greece used contraception in the form of herbal vaginal suppositories and spermicides. Early condoms were made of linen, fish intestines, or sheep bladder. Condoms were mass produced as early as 1860.(Opposing Viewpoints)
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Should Health Insurance Companies Provide Complete Coverage for Birth Control?
Does learning about birth control in school help prevent teen pregnancy?
Should pharmacists be allowed to refuse to fill emergency contraception prescriptions?
Should Americans have easier access to contraception?
What are some of the current birth control options?
How are federal reproductive health rights legislation or denied by state and local government?
Laws about RU-486 or "morning after pill"?
What myths about health risks associated with contraceptive devices?
Should birth control be taught in school as a way of preventing teen pregnancy?
Should schools distribute birth control?
What are some of the religious/ethical issues arising from the usage of birth control?