In the world of education, an academic argument is not a knock-down, drag-out fight to the finish. Rather academic argument is more like a debate. It is sensible, rational, and persuasive. Therein, authors advance their topics with a point and support.
Your task is to read and understand chapter 13 in your textbook. Annotate carefully. Then consider your chosen field of study (major). If you are undecided, write about a hobby or about the type of job you would like to have. Explain/define your field of study. Defend your major field of study or interest. For instance, why have you chosen to become a pilot instead of an aeronautic engineer? Or... why have you chosen to become a CPA who owns and operates his or her own business instead or working for a large company? Or... why is business management better than interior design? Note that the ideas listed above are simply to get you thinking about ways to defend your choice of study.
This is an APA research paper. It must be written from the third person point of view. It must be at least 6 pages in length including the References page. Your APA formatted paper will need a:
abstract (ABSTRACT: The abstract needs to provide a brief but comprehensive summary of the contents of your paper. It provides an overview of the paper and helps readers decide whether to read the full text. Limit your abstract to 250 words.1).
subsections within the body, with headings
a graphic such as a table or figure
As always, consider your readers? Who is the target audience that you are trying to persuade?
You should also consider the following:
Is your introduction compelling? Does it provide useful background information?
What is the thesis?
Why are you writing about this career? What is the purpose? Write that purpose in a thesis statement.
Your position on the topic/issue must be clear in your thesis, as the rest of the essay must support your thesis.
NOTE: Do not announce your thesis. That is, your thesis cannot be, "In this paper I will...," or "This paper will prove...." More specifically, "This essay will prove that the field of education is superior to the field of science," will NOT work. Simply state, "The field of education is far superior to the field of science because educators provide knowledge to the young who will one day become the future, educators have opportunities to positively influence learners, and finally, without education in any format there would be little or no formal, learned experts in most fields."
On the other hand, a student could also write a thesis about the science field, stating that "Of all the major fields for study, science -- particularly biology -- is by far better because it allows practitioners to get up close and personal with nature, helps people to understand creation, and provides a deep understanding of behavioral acts."
Body Paragraphs: How will you use logos (logic), pathos (emotional appeal), and ethos (ethical appeal) to present evidence. What sources will you use? Are they academically reliable? Are your sources and information convincing?
Counterargument (rebuttal / refutation): Naturally, everyone will not agree with your choice of a major. Think of the negative or dissuasive comments people would make about your field, acknowledge them in writing; and use the negativity to help prove your point about your field.
For example: "While Many people believe that it costs too much money to attend medical school, spending that money up front pays for itself in the end as doctors can make hundreds of thousands of dollars yearly. Some people also complain that it takes too long to become a doctor; but who wants someone who only studied for six months to perform surgery on them? No one would raise a hand. Therefore, the time spent in learning to become a doctor is necessary. The human body is very complex and learning to prevent injuries, repair, the body also takes time."
Conclusion: A solid conclusion makes your argument sound and valid. Restate our thesis/claim using different words. There should also be a connection to your topic. If you used a quote as part of your attention-getter, connect to it in this paragraph. Truly alert your readers to the importance of your topic. Leave your readers thinking about your field as something they should look into. Do not present new arguments in your conclusion. Instead, finalize your point. Wrap up the content.