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APA Style Guide: In-text Citations Chart

Learn the basics here! For complete guidelines refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition.

In-text Citations Chart

Type of Citation
First Citation in text
Subsequent Citations in text
Parenthetical Format,
First Citation in text
Parenthetical Format,
Subsequent Citations in text
1 work by 1 author Johnson (2015) Johnson (2015) (Johnson, 2015) (Johnson, 2015)
1 work by 2 authors Johnson and Jones (2015) Johnson and Jones (2015) (Johnson & Jones, 2015) (Johnson & Jones, 2015)
1 work by 3 authors
Johnson, Jones, and Blake
(2015)
Johnson et al. (2015) (Johnson, Jones, & Blake, 2015) (Johnson et al., 2015)
1 work by 4 authors
Johnson, Jones, Blake, and
Leacock (2015)
Johnson et al. (2015)
(Johnson, Jones, Blake, &
Leacock, 2015)
(Johnson et al., 2015)
1 work by 5 authors
Johnson, Jones, Blake,
Leacock, and Hue (2015)
Johnson et al. (2015)
(Johnson, Jones, Blake,
Leacock, & Hue, 2015)
(Johnson et al., 2015)
1 work by 6 or more authors Johnson et al. (2015) Johnson et al. (2015) (Johnson et al., 2015) (Johnson et al., 2015)
Groups (readily identified through
abbreviation) as authors
Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC, 2015)
CDC (2015)
(Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention [CDC], 2015)
(CDC, 2015)
Groups (no abbreviation)
as authors
Pratt Institute (2015) Pratt Institute (2015) (Pratt Institute, 2015) (Pratt Institute, 2015)