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ENC 1101 - Prof. Geerling: MLA Videos: Citing Sources

Works Cited: A Review

  • Start Works Cited on a new page.
  • Times New Roman, 12 pt. font.
  • Double space all entries.
  • Do NOT include the URL (link) in the citation. Links do not belong in MLA 7th format.
  • Add the hanging indent for all lines of a citation after the first line. Either by formatting for hanging or adding five spaces or one tab.

In-Text Citations

  • Use in-text citations for direct quotes & paraphrasing.
  • All in-text citations must have a Works Cited entry.
  • (Jones 47) is an example of a parenthetical citation and comes at the end of a sentence, before the period.
  • Jones writes, "Goats are playful animals" (47). is an example of citing the author's name in the attribute section of the sentence.
  • In her 2004 work Eats, Shoots, and Leaves, Lynne Truss explains, ". . . " is an example of introducing a source the first time you cite it in the paper.
  • Citations with less than 4 authors, spell out all authors names in the citation (Stuart, Jones, and Smith 101).
  • Citations with 4 or more authors, spell out the first authors name followed by et al. and the page number (Henry et al. 98).
  • If the source does not have page numbers, leave them out of the citation (Elliot).
  • If the source has numbered sections or paragraphs, use:
    • (Elliot, par. 4) or
    • (Elliot, pars. 7-9)
    • (Elliot, sec. 5) or
    • (Elliot, secs. 6-8)

Block Quoting & Paraphrasing

Block Quote Rules:

  • Quotations are the exact words from the source.
  • If the quote you want to use is more than four lines you will need to make it a block quote.
  • Do NOT use quotation marks for block quotes (4 or more lines).
  • The lead-in to a block quote will end with a colon :
  • The entire block quote will be indented 1 inch (or two tabs).
  • In a block quote you will add the paranthetical page number afer the ending punctuation and before starting a new paragraph.
  • ALWAYS cite paraphrased information & quotes. 
  • Add the page number when citing quotes.

Paraphrasing Rules:

  • Paraphrasing is rewritting information from the source in your own words.
  • Do NOT use quotation marks for paraphrased information.
  • If you want to include a unique word or phrase from the source, add quotation marks around the word in your sentence, and cite at the end of the sentence. Example from the video:

Genetics is partially responsible for a person's happiness establishing a"set-point" for how happy one can be (Peterson and Park 304).



ALWAYS cite paraphrased information & quotes. 


MLA 8th Overview

Citing Different Sources in MLA 8th

Click on this image to play a video about citing books.

(end at 12:55)

In-Text Citations

Quoting and Paraphrasing

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